The Lost Colony wasn’t really lost

By on June 19, 2020

New book sheds light on fate of colonists

Scott Dawson believes the mystery of the Lost Colony is not really a mystery.

After more than a decade of digging and uncovering artifacts on Hatteras, island native and president of the Croatoan Archaeological Society, Inc., Scott Dawson, reveals new clues to the fate of the Lost Colony of Roanoke Island in his book, The Lost Colony and Hatteras Island, which is being released now by Arcadia Publishing.

Dawson’s 160-page book tells the story of what archaeologists from around the world have discovered beneath the surface of old Native American villages of the past, and what impacts those discoveries have on the narrative of the 1587 settlement that disappeared from Roanoke Island.

The chief message of the book reinforces one theory about the fate of the colonists — that a number of them moved to Hatteras Island (what was then called “Croatoan”) and assimilated with Native Americans there. The author adds that when Roanoke Colony Governor John White returned to Roanoke Island in 1590 and saw the word “Croatoan” carved into a fence post, he knew exactly where the colonists had gone.

Put simply, as Dawson suggests, the Lost Colony wasn’t really lost.

In an interview with the Voice, Dawson explains how renowned archaeologists from the University of Bristol and his local organization first began searching for clues that might prove that the settlers from the Lost Colony did in fact move on to Hatteras after carving “Croatoan” onto the fence post. But It would take four years before their efforts proved fruitful.

As a native of Hatteras Island whose family roots go back to the 1600s, Dawson said he had always been fascinated with the story of The Lost Colony and the settlement’s fate. Being told the various theories that ranged from the colonists being killed by Native Americans to the hypothesis that they were lost at sea or slaughtered by the Spaniards, Dawson set out to find what he believes as the truth – that they never really were lost.

“As much as I believed the colony went down [to Hatteras], I never actually thought we were going to find it,” he asserted. “I can’t believe we found what we found. It’s kind of surreal.”

During their years of excavations, the team focused on the old Native American villages of Buxton and Frisco and to some extent, Hatteras. “We already knew where they were so, if nothing else, I knew we’d get a lot of Native American artifacts – we could put some pots together and that in and of itself, would have been good enough for me,” said Dawson, a Dare County Emergency Medical Technician who now lives in Kill Devil Hills with his wife and two children.

But beginning in 2013, as they dug through the layers, the team began finding evidence that the proved their theory that at least some of the colonists from the 1587 Roanoke Island settlement had relocated to and were living on Hatteras.

“We not only found evidence of mixed architecture of houses but also metallurgy, where they had blacksmith shops and were also working in copper and lead, and this continued right on into the 1600s,” Dawson said. “It’s hard to say how many, but a few dozen at least lived for a few decades down there in the villages and continued to work in metals.”

Dawson said many of the gun parts they discovered were a mix and match of pieces from other guns since the settlers couldn’t get any new parts. “You can see where the glass objects had been chipped in arrowheads, the copper earrings and wires had been altered into fishhooks. So, all the stuff that they brought over, it got repurposed into something more useful for living on the island.”

Dawson’s book, full of photographs, illustrates the steady flow of evidence archaeologists have gathered over the years.  “You don’t find one object and then go running to the press,” he pointed out. “Now we’ve got thousands of artifacts, so we decided it was time to share.”

Dawson said he anticipates that there are more discoveries to be made in Hatteras Village. “We haven’t really explored there as much, simply because the findings have been so profound in Buxton and Frisco. But I do think that Hatteras Village will probably end up being the same because it is already looking like that.”

The idea that the Lost Colony departed from Roanoke Island to Hatteras, or “Croatoan” as it was called at the time has always been a leading theory by historians, Dawson said. He pointed to the fact that the English had already been trading with the Croatoan tribe and living with them on and off for three years before there was a Lost Colony.

“Before John White even left the colony, they were already hand and glove with the Croatoan anyhow,” Dawson continued. “So, when he told them to write down where they were going and he saw that message three years later, he didn’t say, ‘Oh my god, what does this word mean.’ He knew exactly where that was and why they were there, and he said so.”

Referring to popular The Lost Colony production at Waterside Theatre, Dawson asserts, “We don’t get this kind of lost mythology until the play started in the 30s. That’s the first time anybody ever referred to them as lost. It didn’t make a play about a mystery — they created a mystery with a play.”

Speaking to the possibility of some resistance to these findings, Dawson said, “I think the vast majority of people will be very excited about it and I mean, it’s not an opinion. It’s empirical evidence, physical evidence of it. And the guys that dug this stuff up are some of the most world-renowned archaeologists in the world.”

As for the naysayers, he added, “There are going to be some people who put their head in the sand and don’t want to hear it… you put the truth out there and the truth is kind of like a dragon. It’ll defend itself once you let it out.”

Moving forward, Dawson said the team hopes to shed more light on the survivors’ camp that they also located on Hatteras Island, where some artifacts have been found identical to the ones found on Roanoke Island.  “That’s the future of the project — to kind of open that up a little more and see what we can learn.”



Barnhill Building Group has been selected as the Construction Manager @ Risk by the College of the Albemarle and is seeking to pre-qualify construction trade contractors to submit bids for the furnishing labor, materials, equipment, and tools for the new College of The Albemarle – Allied Health Sciences Simulation Lab (COA Health Sciences) located in Elizabeth City, NC. Please note: Only subcontractors who have been prequalified by Barnhill will be able to submit a Bid.

The project consists of the new construction of a 38,000-sf, 2-story expansion to the existing Owens Health Sciences Center and will house classrooms, labs, and a simulation lab. The site is just over just over 4.5 acres and is located on an active campus. This new construction will be a steel structure with a brick and metal panel veneer, curtainwall, and storefront glazing with a PVC roof membrane.

Principal trade and specialty contractors are solicited for the following Bid Packages:

BP0100: General Trades

BP0105: Final Cleaning

BP0390: Turnkey Concrete

BP0400: Turnkey Masonry

BP0500: Structural Steel & Misc. Steel

BP0740: Roofing

BP0750: Metal Panels

BP0790: Caulking / Caulking

BP0800: Turnkey Doors/Frames/Hardware

BP0840: Glass & Glazing

BP0925: Drywall

BP0960: Resilient Flooring

BP0980: Acoustical Ceilings

BP0990: Painting & Wallcovering

BP1005: Toilet Specialties / Accessories / Division 10

BP1010: Signage

BP1098: Demountable Partitions

BP1230: Finish Carpentry and Casework

BP1250: Window Treatment

BP1400: Elevators

BP2100: Fire Protection

BP2200: Plumbing

BP2300: HVAC

BP2600: Turnkey Electrical

BP3100: Turnkey Sitework

BP3290: Landscaping

Packages may be added and/or deleted at the discretion of the Construction Manager. Historically underutilized business firms are encouraged to complete participation submittals.

HUB/MWBE OUTREACH MEETING: Barnhill Building Group will be conducting a HUB/MWBE Informational Session. You are encouraged to attend the following session to learn more about project participation opportunities available to you. These seminars will help to: Learn about project and scope; Inform and train Minority/HUB contractors in preparation for bidding this project; Assist in registration on the State of North Carolina Vendor link; Stimulate opportunities for Networking with other firms. Location and time TBD. Please visit our planroom at for more information.

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  • Lou Briccant

    When all of you “locals” crow and complain about “outsiders” invading the area remember who really owned that land originally and how they lost it… maybe it’ll make you think differently but I’m sure that’s wishful thinking.

    Friday, Jun 19 @ 12:59 pm
  • Linda Crouch

    Very exciting!! Job well done! Hopefully, there will be a full length documentary on PBS at a later date.

    Friday, Jun 19 @ 1:52 pm
  • Travis

    Headlines from 1590:

    Foxe Newses: Antifa Tribe responsible for slaughter of the colonists
    CNN&N: Dr. Nye says Rising Sea Levels Wiped out Roanoke Colony
    Sir Breitbart: Experts say a “strong 2nd amendment” would have saved colonists.
    HMS NBC: Oppressors Overthrown: Colony Lost but Justice Served?
    Infowars: Wacko Liberal Pro-Choice Bears Devour Christian Colonists
    NPR: Missing Colonists force Britons to contemplate their own mortality: “They were on an island, we are on an island. Are we next?”

    Friday, Jun 19 @ 3:04 pm
  • Mark Jurkowitz | Outer Banks Voice

    I gotta admit Travis. That is pretty clever.

    Friday, Jun 19 @ 6:55 pm
  • james oberg

    So why weren’t any survivors found once the Jamestown folks arrived? Didn’t anyone look?

    Friday, Jun 19 @ 9:11 pm
  • Sean Mulligan

    I am not doubting your findings but why do you think that when they returned they did not go to Croatan and give them the chance to return home or move elsewhere?Maybe they did and it is an archive somewhere in England.

    Sunday, Jun 21 @ 6:59 am
  • Itoldyouso

    Uh-oh! Cash cow goes belly up… Ah, too bad. Circus has left the island.

    Wednesday, Jun 24 @ 8:13 am
  • Kathy I

    Lou Briccant,

    Locals don’t “…crow and complain about “outsiders” invading the area…” To the contrary, we enjoy visitors. The majority of visitors love it here, are happy to be here, thus in a good mood and fun to be around! We’d have no economy without them, and we are very aware of that. So we enjoy them and are grateful for them. Any unpleasant person is not appreciated, no matter whether they’re a local or a visitor. There are always both.

    The situation right now presents some odd, temporary conflicts. With a summer influx currently of 150,000 to 200,000 new visitors per week, there is a battle between mask-wearers and mask-refusers, and that battle begins anew every week with new arrivals. Masks are mandated by both local and state directives (with caveats I’m not going into).

    People infected with covid-19 may not know that the first 12-14 days but they are still very contagious. Science says masks and other face coverings are the best ways to prevent the accidental spread, along with staying 6 feet apart and sanitizing often.

    This is creating a new divide, an “Us v. Them” attitude. Do not mistake that for Locals v. Tourists. It’s all proponents of wearing face coverings v. those who refuse, locals and visitors alike. Frustration abounds among those who fear exposure. Our hospital has a tiny ICU.

    Southerners are used to helping one another, being unfailingly polite and living on island time in a laid-back way. Thus it’s hard to understand why anyone won’t put on a mask or face covering even on the outside chance the science is true, to prevent the accidental spread here on the beautiful Outer Banks. That’s all.


    Monday, Jun 29 @ 1:25 pm