Dedicated to the herd mentality

By on November 27, 2022

Protecting the wild horse herd is a 365-day-a-year job for the Fund. (Corolla Wild Horses Fund Facebook)

How the Corolla Wild Horse Fund protects its unique community

What do you do when a herd of wild horses that has been around for more than 500 years are being killed at an alarming rate? You protect them at all costs. That was the thought of a group of concerned citizens who banded together in 1989 when a number of wild horses were hit and killed on Highway 12 from 1985 to 1989.

According to Meg Puckett, Herd Manager of the Corolla Wild Horse Fund, the organization began as a volunteer effort when the Spanish Mustangs, long known for their resiliency after being left behind by Spanish Colonists in the 16th Century, finally met their match as human development migrated up to the once isolated northern beaches and paved roads reached their home.

“These citizens got together and said we’ve got to do something,” said Puckett, who accepted the role of Herd Manager for the Fund in July 2016.

Now, as part of a 501C3 nonprofit organization incorporated in 2001, Puckett, along with Chief Operating Officer Jo Langone and a handful of passionate staff members, continue to dedicate their lives to managing and protecting this endangered breed, their habitat, and their rich history through education, data collection, DNA research, breed preservation, and population control. The Fund currently has a combined 18 staff and volunteers to manage its 100-horse herd, but that number can vary slightly.

The organization has at least one staff member on the beach seven days a week, 365 days a year monitoring and recording data, with Puckett being on call 24 hours a day. They log latitude, longitude, weather, how many horses they see, horse identities and notable behaviors such as breeding and fighting.

“I always say the more we know about them, the better equipped we’re going to be to manage them,” said Puckett.

 Their new land preservation initiative is a good example of that. The initiative is designed to expand and protect the wild horse habitat by acquiring and preserving land dedicated to the horses. To that end, a Land Acquisition Fund has been established to allow the community to donate to the cause.

According to Puckett, as they track their movement, it gives them an idea of how the horses utilize the habitat at different times of year, which can help in making decisions about land acquisition.

Data collection also helped the Fund achieve one of its biggest accomplishments ⁠— doubling the size of the herd agreed upon by the Wild Horse Advisory Board, which is made up of representatives of the Corolla Wild Horse Fund, the State of North Carolina, US Fish and Wildlife and Currituck County. The Fund was able to convince the board to raise the allowable limit from 50 horses to more than 100 several years ago after convincing them that more horses would not have an adverse impact on other wildlife.

“We do not operate in a vacuum. The horses are not necessarily in Fish and Wildlife’s best interest. They’re there for waterfowl and preserving the marsh,” noted Puckett.

In recent years, the Fund has taken its scientific data collection to a new level with its DNA research project, which Puckett characterizes S one of their other major accomplishments. By taking DNA samples from the horses and processing that DNA, the Fund creates an ancestry to figure out how all of the horses are related to each other and how that information can be used to help save them.

Puckett says this project has been recognized by organizations across the county and the world that are involved with rare breeds and conservation.

Meg Puckett, Herd Manager

“We’ve gotten a lot of support from people who do this for a living and recognize what we’re doing to conserve these horses in a very scientific way,” she stated. “I hope that the work we’re doing will help other herds around the country.”

But what happens when they notice that one of the horses is injured, or sick, or at risk of dying? Puckett says that first and foremost, they want to keep these horses wild. They will not intervene in a medical or emergency situation unless the horse would otherwise die. When staff sees that a horse is in danger, they consult with veterinarians and experts across the industry to decide what to do.

“Pulling a horse off the beach is a last resort,” explained Puckett.

According to Puckett, this is because with a population of 100 horses, every horse’s genes are invaluable, and when you start intervening for every little cut, scratch, or bruise you will eventually change their genetic makeup.

“You think of survival of the fittest. They’ve developed adaptations and they’ve figured out how to survive in the wild over centuries, and so we want to be as hands off as possible,” said Puckett. “And its challenging because we’re managing a population of wild animals in a very, very high profile, highly visible environment.”

In addition to horses, a lot of what the Fund does is manage people. That’s where the education part of their role comes in. Puckett and the other staff spend a lot of time talking to beach visitors out in the field, especially during tour seasons.

Puckett also spends time doing outreach and programming at community events, schools, nursing homes and on social media, and she teaches classes to schools and groups across the country through Zoom. Sometimes the Fund brings along rehabilitated horses from their farm in Grandy and has open houses and holiday events where people can get up close and personal with the horses in a fun and safe way.

A big part of the education is teaching people what not to do when they see a wild horse to stop preventable tragedies like the one that occurred in 2020, when a yearling named Danny choked and died after being fed an apple. According to Puckett, it will be generations before that loss is recovered genetically within the herd.

She gives another example of a mare in 2019 who developed a fungal infection after birthing her second foal. They decided to keep the mother in the wild because the young horse would not survive without her. The next year, when the foal was able to survive on its own, they took the mare to get help, but she didn’t survive. And then, the following January, her three-year-old daughter was hit by a truck.

“And so that’s it. That’s the end of a family line,” said Puckett. “So it’s just a good example that it just takes one person one person to kill one horse and that could be the end of an entire family line… It’s so important…for people to understand how far reaching the consequences of their actions are even if they don’t mean it in a negative way, even if they truly did not know that they shouldn’t feed that horse an apple. Those genetics are gone, and they can never be recovered.”

Jo Langone, Chief Operating Officer.

Most of the staffers, who previously worked in history museums and at the Virginia Zoo, formed a connection with these horses long before they started working at the Fund. Puckett, originally from the Tidewater area, spent summers growing up on the Outer Banks out on the beach searching for the horses.

She says the biggest part of the job is respect — respect for the horses, respect for the local residents that have been interacting with the horses for decades, and respect for the environment they are in each day.

“Especially when you’re up in that 4X4 with the wild horses,” she says. “You’re going to get stuck, the weathers going to be crappy, you’re going to get eaten up with ticks. You just have to roll with it,” she says.

But to Puckett, the occupational hazards are clearly more than worth it.

“To be the person who gets to be around them every day and be the person who gets to make decisions about their care and their future is such an honor, and it’s not something that I take for granted,” she told the Voice. “I always say if I could go back in time and tell twelve or thirteen-year-old me, you’re going to be here one day, I don’t know that I would have believed it.”

For more information on the Corolla Wild Horse Fund visit and follow them on Facebook.


Barnhill Building Group has been selected as the Construction Manager @ Risk by the College of the Albemarle and is seeking to pre-qualify construction trade contractors to submit bids for the furnishing labor, materials, equipment, and tools for the new College of The Albemarle – Allied Health Sciences Simulation Lab (COA Health Sciences) located in Elizabeth City, NC. Please note: Only subcontractors who have been prequalified by Barnhill will be able to submit a Bid.

The project consists of the new construction of a 38,000-sf, 2-story expansion to the existing Owens Health Sciences Center and will house classrooms, labs, and a simulation lab. The site is just over just over 4.5 acres and is located on an active campus. This new construction will be a steel structure with a brick and metal panel veneer, curtainwall, and storefront glazing with a PVC roof membrane.

Principal trade and specialty contractors are solicited for the following Bid Packages:

BP0100: General Trades

BP0105: Final Cleaning

BP0390: Turnkey Concrete

BP0400: Turnkey Masonry

BP0500: Structural Steel & Misc. Steel

BP0740: Roofing

BP0750: Metal Panels

BP0790: Caulking / Caulking

BP0800: Turnkey Doors/Frames/Hardware

BP0840: Glass & Glazing

BP0925: Drywall

BP0960: Resilient Flooring

BP0980: Acoustical Ceilings

BP0990: Painting & Wallcovering

BP1005: Toilet Specialties / Accessories / Division 10

BP1010: Signage

BP1098: Demountable Partitions

BP1230: Finish Carpentry and Casework

BP1250: Window Treatment

BP1400: Elevators

BP2100: Fire Protection

BP2200: Plumbing

BP2300: HVAC

BP2600: Turnkey Electrical

BP3100: Turnkey Sitework

BP3290: Landscaping

Packages may be added and/or deleted at the discretion of the Construction Manager. Historically underutilized business firms are encouraged to complete participation submittals.

HUB/MWBE OUTREACH MEETING: Barnhill Building Group will be conducting a HUB/MWBE Informational Session. You are encouraged to attend the following session to learn more about project participation opportunities available to you. These seminars will help to: Learn about project and scope; Inform and train Minority/HUB contractors in preparation for bidding this project; Assist in registration on the State of North Carolina Vendor link; Stimulate opportunities for Networking with other firms. Location and time TBD. Please visit our planroom at for more information.

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  • Jorge Diaz

    Grateful for your team’s efforts in keeping our unique Outer Banks history alive.

    Sunday, Nov 27 @ 12:11 pm
  • Lee

    Folks the myth that Heards of wild Spanish have roamed the outer banks for 500 years is a myth. My family has lived on the obx for over 200 years. There were no Heards of mustangs roaming the obx in the 30s and 40s. The only horses here were owned by US life saving serving or the people that lived here. My father worked in corolla in the 50s building the airstrip at the whalehead club most people never knew existed. He witnessed on several occasions a farmer from Suffolk Virginia that dumped out trailer loads of horses he did not want to take care of anymore. The cwhf should go to Suffolk and do some dea test. I feel sure any wild mustangs were caught and taken inland.
    I live in carova and see daily what the horse tours do to the horses, resident and now the tourist are appalled of the number of tour truck. The horses popularly will be their demise.

    Monday, Nov 28 @ 9:33 am
  • Freenusa

    The wild horse tours are against the betterment of the herd, they produce tremendous stress. I would assume this does not matter because of the booked up humVs. Cash and tourist rule. I would be interested to hear the Wild Horse Fund’s stance on the harassing tours.

    Monday, Nov 28 @ 7:18 pm
  • bert

    Freenusa I know there are people in the cwhf that do not like the massive amount of horse tours. The problem is the tour companies give them money and according to the tour companies it is a lot of money. Another thing is the owner of 3 out of six of the companies are owned by a county commissioner that also sits on the cwhf governing board. They are infected.
    It may get worse soon. There is a group in Dare county that are planning to start day long adventure tours. They know currituck county can not stop them from driving on beach or the back roads or using the county park because it is public.

    Tuesday, Nov 29 @ 5:46 am
  • Freenusa

    Thanks bert, I knew most of the story, just not the part, of the large money “donations”. So in reality the Wild Horse Fund, has been hijacked and is being paid off. Like I said cash an tourist trump the true wellbeing of the herd.

    Tuesday, Nov 29 @ 10:33 am
  • Mike Raphone

    Like I’ve said before, pen them up like they did on Ocracoke, and that will get rid of the horse tours. And I 100% agree with Lee. The “story” behind these horses is…. well… horse puckey.

    Wednesday, Nov 30 @ 1:42 pm